الأوراق العلمية


عرضالصفحاتعنوان الورقة +الملخصر.م
من 1 ـــ الي 4
الملخص

Prevention averts the development of disease that will manifest in the future. It consists of all measures, including definitive therapy, that limit disease progression. There are three levels of prevention, primary, secondary, and tertiary that operates on a continuum but may overlap in practice. Primary prevention precedes disease or dysfunction. Primary prevention intervention includes health promotion, such as health education about risk factors for heart disease, and specific protection, such as immunization against hepatitis B. Its purpose is to decrease the vulnerability of the individual or population to disease or dysfunction. Secondary prevention ranges from providing screening activities and treating early stages of disease to limiting disability by averting or delaying the consequences of advanced disease. Tertiary prevention occurs when a defect or disability is permanent and irreversible. The process involves minimizing the effect s of disease and disability by surveillance and maintenance activities aimed at preventing complications and deterioration. Tertiary prevention focuses on rehabilitation to help people attain and retain an optimal level of functioning regardless of the disabling condition.

1
من 5 ـــ الي 10
الملخص

Good health and the ability to meet effectively the many demands of life require managing the stress. Combining careful assessment and choice of strategies, thoughtful and honest feedback, and continued support, healthcare workers can help people cope more effectively with the innumerable stressors they encounter. Research to discern the interplay of physiological, social, and spiritual responses to stress has yielded important knowledge for practice. However, uncovering the intricate workings of the brain within the context of human stress and coping experiences is a daunting and critical challenge for today’s health researchers. Stress management strategies providing an opportunity for individuals to acquire the necessary skills to cope more effectively and become confident in self-managing. From this awareness, the individual is able to challenge and change perception, decrease stress reactivity, improve self-management skills, and minimize the harmful consequences of stress. This process positively influences health promotion, disease prevention, and symptom management. Understanding influences of stress on health and illness is essential to healthcare practice

2
من 11 ـــ الي 14
الملخص

The rate of death of the newborn varies among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) but all agree that recognition of conditions leading to death is the first important step in the efforts to reduce it. This paper is a retrospective study carried out in NICU of El-Fateh Children Hospital-Benghazi. It aims to find out the causes of death of newborn infants admitted to this unit within one year and age at the time of death and to discuss the steps necessary to reduce the mortality rate. The main results were: The total admissions to the unit were 1430 newborns. 185 of them died (12.9%). The male to female ratio was 1.89:1 .67. 5% of the newborns died in the first week of life, and the main causes of death were due to prematurity and its related complications, followed by congenital malformation and the third cause was septicemia/ meningitis. The number of deaths could be reduced by improving the antenatal and postnatal care, strict control of infection and increasing the nurse-patient ratio in NICU.

3
من 15 ـــ الي 21
الملخص

This work is aimed to study 100 patients with a diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction. The etiology and management were analyzed, looking to set-up criteria for conservative and early operative intervention.

4
من 22 ـــ الي 25
الملخص

Spinal anaesthesia for cesarean sections are often accompanied by a reduction in maternal blood pressure. Maternal hypotension may lead to a reduction in uteroplacental blood flow with consecutive fetal acidosis. Spinal block causes paralysis of preganglionic sympathetic fibers, while ketamine induces activation of the sympathetic nerves. The aim of our study was to compare circulatory changes in patients who received ketamine intravenously and did not receive ketamine during spinal anaesthesia. This study involved 70 patients ASA I and, II scheduled to undergo a spinal anaesthesia for a cesarean section, and were randomly allocated into one of two groups (A or B). Group A {n=35} received 10 ml\kg of ringer lactate intravenously preoperatively and received 0.25 mg\kg of ketamine intravenously immediately after the spinal agent injection (spinal agent was 2 ml hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5%). Group B {n=35} only received 10 ml\kg of ringer lactate intravenously preoperatively and received 0.25 mg\kg of placebo intravenously immediately after the spinal agent injection spinal agent was 2 ml hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5%" preoperatively. The incidence of hypotension was evaluated from the time of spinal agent injection to delivery. Hypotension was defined as a 20% decrease in mean arterial blood pressure below the baseline. This study indicated that the incidence of hypotension was significantly lower in patients who received ketamine {P value < 0.05}.

5
من 26 ـــ الي 29
الملخص

The effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the anaemia of end-stage renal disease was investigated in 76 transfusion-dependent haemodialysis patients. EPO was administered intravenously in a dose of 50?/kg, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. The haematocrit had risen from 18.7 ± 1-9 to 26.6 ± 3.8 on day 84. Fifty-eight patients (76.3%) responded with an increase in haeinalocrit of ?6. Complications included hypertension (21.1%), iron deficiency (18.4%), thrombosis of vascular access (7.9%). Tins relatively low rate response could be accounted for by differences in the treatment policy. It remains to be seen whether the standard protocol of EPO use in renal failure would improve the response.

6
من 30 ـــ الي 34
الملخص

Bronchial asthma a disease of the airways is one of the most common chronic diseases, affecting about 200 million people of all ages worldwide. Optimal long-term treatment and regular follow-up in specialized respiratory clinic are essential if the asthmatic children are to lead as normal a life as possible. This project has been concentrated on study of the affect of immunotherapy as a method for treatment of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis, including minimization of chronic asthma symptoms, reducing number of bronchospasm attacks, maintenance of normal lung function and side effects. The study was performed for (200) patients; periodically visiting the private respiratory clinic. All patients received desensitization therapy in conjunction with inhaled steroid therapy. The study shows that detection of high level of IgE antibodies is of great value in support of the diagnosis of allergic disease, three hundred and thirty six patients (88%) patients involved in the study, had high levels of IgE antibodies, while 44 (12%) patients had normal levels of IgE antibodies ,For patients with high levels of IgE antibodies, skin test is indicated, there was high incidence of bronchial asthma due to sensitization for house dust mites antigen (88%), while other sensitization for other allergens with small percentages. A remarkable improvement is recorded in desensitization therapy, normal or near normal lung function was recorded (95.5%). Immunotherapy is promising method for treating bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. Introduction: Asthma

7
من 35 ـــ الي 39
8
من 40 ـــ الي 43
الملخص

50 Patients of thoracolumbar fracture underwent pedicular screw fixation by the above authors. All were inherently unstable fractures with varying neurological deficit. The advantage of pedicular screw fixation was studied.

9
من 44 ـــ الي 50
10
من 51 ـــ الي 58
11
من 59 ـــ الي 62
12
من 63 ـــ الي 68
الملخص

not found

13
من 69 ـــ الي 73
14